Whether your application is business, how-to, education, medicine, school, church, sales, marketing, online training or just for fun, PowerShow.com is a great resource. The disease incidence is more during warm and dry months. 1601 ... A STUDY OF THE FUEL PROPERTIES OF FINGER MILLET STRAWS - CONFERENCE PRESENTATION. Bacterial leaf spot: Xanthomonas eleusinae, 2. In the initial stages, greenish swollen grains 2-3 mm in diameter are evident which project beyond the glumes. However, there will be no loss in yield when the disease incidence is around 25 per cent. Antitumerogenic effect of finger millet against K562 chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a form of leukemia (virulent blood disease) characterized by increased and unregulated growth of myeloid cells in the bone marrow leading to their accumulation in … The plant is susceptible to the disease during all stages of its growth, from seedling to grain formation stage. Secondary infection can be reduced by spraying of Mancozeb at the rate 0.2 per cent control the disease. Under congenial conditions, such spots enlarge, coalesce and form bigger lesions. Finger Millet –The Wonder Grains Around the World , Asia-Pacific , Finger millet , India , Millets and Sorghum Read full article By Yerroju Sridevi @ Pinnacle IHM Photo Credit: ICRISAT The infected plants become pale, chlorotic and stunted. Guar gum. Initial symptoms appear as reddish brown speaks with yellow halo and are easily confused with those of Helminthosporiose. Ragi Blast disease The major limiting factor for finger millet production in the cultivated areas is the occurrence of ragi bast. Downy mildew or green ear disease of ragi caused by Sclerophthora macrospora was reported for the first time in India by Venkatarayan (1946) from old Mysore state. The pathogen has been reported on E. indica, maize, wheta, oat, Eragrostis pectinacea and Digitaria marginata. Often, pale yellow translucent spots are seen on leaves of affected plants. Bacterial blight: Xanthomonas coracanae, 4. • Grains of millet are about 3 to 4 mm long. The fungal growth comprises of conidiophores and conidia. “Blast is the most destructive disease of finger millet” said Dr Henry Ojulong, a cereals breeder at ICRISAT. The disease affects all the parts of plant like root, base of the plant, culms, leaf sheath, leaf blade, neck of the panicle and fingers. The following points highlight the seven major diseases of finger millet with its management. Miscellaneous Crops & Cotton. Hog Millet or Proso Millet. Biology, Plant Pathology, India, Cereals, Millets, Finger Millet, Diseases, Diseases of Finger Millet. Share Your Word File •less susceptible to head and finger early ing disease (finger millet blast disease). Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) 3. Finger millet (Eleusine coracana) Minor millets - c. 1841 Retrato de Amand Ono Jean-Fran ois Millet nasceu a 4 de Outubro de 1814 na vila de Gruchy em La Hague na Normandia, filho de camponeses, e morreu a 20 de ... | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view, - (1814-1875) Millet Jean Francois 1865 1868, - Top-down constraints on emissions of biogenic trace gases from North America: Mapping isoprene emissions from space Dylan Millet with D.J. As a result, the asexual phase quite often goes unnoticed and the disease could be identified after the formation of ears. And, best of all, most of its cool features are free and easy to use. If so, share your PPT presentation slides online with PowerShow.com. MILLETS GROWN IN INDIA MAJOR MILLETS: Sorghum Pearl millet Minor millets: Finger millet Proso millet Little millet Foxtail millet Barnyard millet Kodo millet 6. Other millets include little millet (Panicum sumatrense), tef millet (Eargrostis tef) and Fonio millet (Digitaria exilis and D. iburua) (Dogget, 1989). It appeared in a severe form in the same state in 1948. Later on, such discolouration extends to stems as well as roots. The pathogen harbours in glumes, straw as well as on some graminaceous weeds. Peanuts ... Safflower. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Altering the blend of spices in the patty. •easy to harvest as they grow up to knee heigh in cold areas and up to waist height varm areas. Ultimately the plant dries up prematurely. In some cases the lesions enlarge to assume eye shaped spot measuring up to 15x3mm. Content Guidelines 2. The area at the juncture of leaf sheath and leaf blade is usually affected resulting in dark brownish discolouration. TOS4. They are all artistically enhanced with visually stunning color, shadow and lighting effects. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. Blast: Blast caused by Pyricularia setariae was reported from Tamil Nadu in 1919, though Nishikado … Nearly 840 entries have been screened during 1994-1999 under different nurseries, viz., advanced varietal trial – early duration, advanced varietal trial – medium duration (AVT-II), advanced varietal trial – late duration (AVT-XII), initial varietal trial (IVT) and national screening nursery (NSN). Share Your PDF File The damping off disease of finger millet was reported from Annamalai in Tamil Nadu, India. Finger millet blast disease is by far the most devastating, causing over 50% yield loss. The disease if occurs immediately after heading, can reduce up to 40 per cent of the yield. Pathogen and disease characteristics: The furovirus is vectored by soil borne fungus Polymyxa spp. Or use it to create really cool photo slideshows - with 2D and 3D transitions, animation, and your choice of music - that you can share with your Facebook friends or Google+ circles. - Millet feast - An innovative food supplement Presentation by Nadagouda Ratan Sivaraj Key Issues Changing food habits - extinction Millets energy booster ... - Jean Francois Millet (1814-1875) Vincent Van Gogh (1853 1890) Vincent Van Gogh alors ag de 22 ans d couvrit un peu par hasard le travail de Millet et son ... After completing this Lesson, you have learned to answer: - Lesson 1: Importance of Pearl Millet After completing this Lesson, you have learned to answer: Why pearl millet cultivation is important? - Transformations de Squire pour un fluide purement visqueux Ecoulement surface libre sur plan inclin M.H. It is not economical to control the disease through chemicals. Wilt or Foot Rot 4. Br.) Search for more papers by this author. Jacob and K.F. And they’re ready for you to use in your PowerPoint presentations the moment you need them. However, field sanitation and spraying of Carbendazim at the rate 0.05% has been reported to reduce infection to some extent. Later, these spots coalesce to give the blightning appearance of leaf, especially towards tip which would ultimately be killed prematurely. Diseases of Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. In the beginning the lesions are isolated and afterwards they may soon coalesce. Spores are formed in the cavities found in the sori, mixed with a gelatinous matrix but later the mass becomes pulvurent. Soon small roundish white velvety grains like sclerotial bodies start appearing in the fungal matrix which grow and later turn brown. In neck infection dark tan lesions are seen initially, which may enlarge and extend up and down. Add tuna, Mix with hands just until ingredients are, Cook on stovetop in oil over medium heat until. In India, the disease is known to occur in Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. The average loss due to finger millet blast has been reported to be around 28% and has been reported as high as 80-90% in endemic areas. Chris’s improved varieties and agronomic techniques are giving yields up to 200% higher than what farmers once obtained. At present there is no chemical control measure in recommendation, but in vitro studies have shown that systemic compounds like Aliette and Vitavax could inhibit fungus growth. Or use it to find and download high-quality how-to PowerPoint ppt presentations with illustrated or animated slides that will teach you how to do something new, also for free. Ragi mottle streak: Ragi mottle Streak Virus, 5. Sunflower ... - Title: [Millet] Author: Suki Last modified by: WAI Created Date: 4/14/2003 4:57:09 AM Document presentation format, Does not contain dairy, wheat or eggs, and has, Not a taxonomic group but a functional one, A group of small-seeded species of cereal crops, Widely grown around the world for food and, Capable of growth in difficult environments, It accounts for approximately 50 of the total, Grown in regions characterized by drought, low. Blast of finger millet was first reported in the Tanjore area of Tamil Nadu almost a century ago. Is this an example of necrosis or apoptosis? The apices of the infected leaves beyond the lesions hang down and sometimes break. Phanerogamic root parasites: Striga asiatica Kuntze and Striga densiflora Benth. The infection occurs just above the ground in collar region. Later, the centres become whitish grey and disintegrate. It is rich in Calcium which helps in strengthening bones and as excellent source of natural calcium for growing children and aging people. Boasting an impressive range of designs, they will support your presentations with inspiring background photos or videos that support your themes, set the right mood, enhance your credibility and inspire your audiences. J. Peter Esele. Many of them are also animated. The disease also affects culm especially at nodal joints. It does not do well in areas of heavy rains, but prefers damp conditions. Wilt or Foot Rot: Finger Millet: Disease # 4. Privacy Policy3. Of the several fungal diseases that affect finger millet crop, blast disease caused by Pyricularia grisea is by far the most important disease. Infection generally starts from the older leaves and then spreads to the young leaves. These spots are generally oval in shape and measure 8-10 mm in length and 1-1.5 mm in breadth. Temperature ranging from 25 to 30°C is highly favourable for disease development. Grewal and Pal (1965) reported that as the disease is primarily seed borne, seed treatment with Agrosan G.N. Why pearl millet yields are ... - 81 51.4 81 51.4 81 51.4 les inondations les animaux meurent la s cheresse le millet la fonte des glaciers les temp tes on creuse pour l eau les ouragans dur e de ... - Cereals corn wheat rice barley sorghum millet oat rye triticale buckwheat Cereals corn wheat rice barley sorghum millet oat rye triticale buckwheat * *. The neck region turns black and shrinks. Finger millet has low glicimic index Therefore low blood sugar levels have observed after a finger millet diet thereby reacting as a safer food and popular food among diabetic patients in the country. Corn starch. Eleusine coracana, or finger millet, is an annual herbaceous plant widely grown as a cereal crop in the arid and semiarid areas in Africa and Asia.It is commonly called kodo in Nepal where 877 accessions have been maintained by National Plant Genetic Resource Centre, Khumaltar, Nepal. presentations for free. However, in organically grown finger millet, two sprays of P. fluorescens copyright 0.3% (first spray at 50% flowering followed by second spray 10 days later) are recommended for the control of neck and finger blasts. Finger millet grows best in moist climates in almost any type of soil. can give complete control of pre-emergence damping off seedling blight. Such leaves give burnt appearance. Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? Ragi severe mosaic: Sugarcane Mosaic Virus, 6. Each year scores of germplasm entries are screened at Ranichauri, under natural disease pressure in field conditions. The basal portion initially appears water soaked which later turns brown and subsequently dark brown with concomitant shrinking of the stem in the affected portion. The distal portion of the leaves beyond the lesions may hang and drop off. Flax. The disease has been found to occur in Nepal and Uttarakhand hills. Damping-Off. Finger Millet: Disease # 2. The disease has also been noticed at Mysore, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka. - ... formaldehyde over North ... Can we use WHCHO as a proxy for VOC emissions? This annual millet generally grows 3-4 ft tall and tillers freely. Blast 2. The white cottony growth, characteristics of many downy mildews, is generally not seen in the downy mildew of finger millet. • The seeds usually weigh between 2.5 and 14 grams. The ideal way of managing disease would be cultural methods like deep ploughing before sowing, crop rotation with non-graminaceous crops and maintaining optimum soil conditions etc. (Chethan S, Malleshi NG, 2007) [3]. Furthermore, millets, as they do not contain gluten and hence are advisable for celiac patients (Chandrasekara and Shahidi 2010). J. Peter Esele. Downy Mildew or Green Ear Disease: The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. 8. Parsley. In addition to the chemical control, use of resistant varieties/genotypes like; VL 149, GPU 26, GPU 28, GPU 45, CO 13, GE Nos. Finger millet (Eleusine coracana L.) is important millet grown extensively in various regions of India and Africa, Since then, it is known to occur in Tamil Nadu and other states in India. It is an emerging problem on all the small millets. PowerShow.com is a leading presentation/slideshow sharing website. Profuse cottony mycelial growth of the pathogen can easily be seen in this area. It appears in ill-drained nurseries and fields, especially during rainy seasons. The climatic conditions having a temperature of 25 to 30°C, more than 90 per cent humidity and cloudy days with intermittent rainfall, are congenial for rapid development and spread of the disease. frumentaceum), proso millet, foxtail millet, finger millet, rice, rye, and Vasey grass (Paspalum urvillei). According to Ahmed and Sullia (1973) fairly low concentrations fungicides folithion and morestan and a rhizome extract of canna inhibited germination of H. nodulosum pathogen of seedling blight and leaf spot of ragi. This chapter discusses major diseases of millets under three sub‐headings, viz., sorghum diseases, pearl millet diseases and small millet diseases. Reported fourty three fungal species belonging to 21 genera associated with the seeds collected from the various places. Banded Blight: Banded blight of finger millet was first recorded in a severe form at Vellayani, Kerala from India (Lulu Das and Girija, 1989). Sunil and Anilkumar (2004a) reported 3-35% loss in 1000-grain mass in head blast-affected ear heads in Bangalore. Seedling Blight: Seedling blight or leaf blight of finger millet caused by Drechslera nodulosum is next … The leaves of the plant are dark green, linear and mainly smooth with some hair along the leaf edges. Host range: Pearl millet, peanut, finger millet (Eleusine coracana), foxtail millet (Setaria italica). Cercospora leaf spot of finger millet (caused by Cercospora eleusine) is a serious disease in mid and high hills, where rainfall is high and mean daily temperature does not exceed 20°C. Kulkarni (1922) recorded this disease from Malkapur in 1918 in the then princely state of Kolhapur, described the pathogen and identified it as Ustilago Eleusine. Continuous rains at the time of heading may lead to heavy losses to the crop. 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